The Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) is being implemented for development and conservation of indigenous bovine breeds since December 2014. The scheme is important in enhancing milk production and productivity of bovines to meet growing demand of milk and making dairying more remunerative to the rural farmers of the country. The scheme is also continued under umbrella scheme Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojna from 2021 to 2026 with a budget outlay of Rs.2400 crore. The RGM will result in enhanced productivity and benefit of the programme, percolating to all cattle and buffaloes of India especially with small and marginal farmers. This programme will also benefit women in particular since over 70% of the work involved in livestock farming is undertaken by women.
- a) To enhance productivity of bovines and increasing milk production in a sustainable manner using advance technologies.
- b) To propagate use of high genetic merit bulls for breeding purposes.
- c) To enhance Artificial insemination coverage through strengthening breeding network and delivery of Artificial insemination services at farmers doorstep.
- d) To promote indigenous cattle & buffalo rearing and conservation in a scientific and holistic manner.
All the components of Scheme will be implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis except the components of: i) accelerated breed improvement programme under the component subsidy of Rs 5000 per IVF pregnancy will be made available to participating farmers as GoI share; ii) promoting sex sorted semen under the component subsidy upto 50% of the cost of sex sorted semen will be made available to participating farmers and iii) establishment of breed multiplication farm under the component subsidy upto 50% of the capital cost maximum upto Rs.2.00 crore of the project will be made available to entrepreneur.
Components of RGM
1. Availability of High genetic Merit Germplasm:
- a. Bull Production Programme
- Progeny Testing
- Pedigree Selection
- Genomic Selection
- Import of Germplasm
- b. Support to semen stations: Strengthening of existing semen stations.
- c. Implementation of IVF Technology
- IVF Laboratories
- Implementation of In Vitro Embryo Production Technology
- Implementation of IVF technology for getting assured pregnancy
- d. Breed Multiplication Farms
2. Extension of Artificial Insemination Network
- a. Establishment of MAITRIs
- b. Nationwide AI programme
- c. Using sex sorted semen for getting assured pregnancy
- d. Implementation of National Digital Livestock Mission (Livestack)
3. Development and Conservation of indigenousBreeds
- a. Assistance to Gaushalas, Gosadans and Pinjarapoles
- b. Administrative expenditure/ operation of Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog
4. Skill Development
5. Farmers Awareness
6. Research Development and Innovation in Bovine Breeding