Livestock Health and Disease Control

    The overall aim of the Livestock Health & Disease Control scheme is to improve the animal health sector by way of implementation of prophylactic vaccination programmes against various diseases of livestock and poultry, capacity building, disease surveillance and strengthening of veterinary infrastructure. It is envisaged that implementation of the scheme will ultimately lead to prevention & control, subsequently eradicating the diseases, increased access to veterinary services, higher productivity from animals, boosting up of trade in livestock and poultry, in livestock and poultry products and improving socio- economic status of livestock and poultry farmers. The funding pattern is 100% central assistance for the CADCP and the non-recurring components of ESVHD, and 60:40 between Central and State for the other components as well as for ASCAD, with 90:10 for hilly and NE States and 100% for UTs.

    • The objectives of the scheme are:
    • To implement Critical Animal disease control programme to eradicate PPR by 2030 by vaccinating all sheep and goats and to control Classical Swine Fever (CSF) by vaccinating the entire pig population
    • To provide veterinary services at the farmers’ doorstep through Mobile Veterinary Units (MVUs)
    • To assist States/UTs for Control of Animal Disease (ASCAD) by prevention & control of important livestock and poultry diseases prevalent in different States / UTs as per the State /UT’s priorities.

    Assistance to States for Control of Animal Diseases (ASCAD) It will have activities for vaccination against economically important diseases of livestock and backyard poultry duly prioritized by the State/UT as per the disease(s) prevalence and losses to the farmers. Due relevance shall also be given to vaccination against zoonotic diseases like anthrax and rabies for which assistance shall be given to the States/ UTs as per proposals received from them. Another activity that has been prioritized is ‘Control of Emergent and Exotic Diseases’. This activity includes surveillance and related activities to check ingress of exotic diseases as well as emergent / re-emergent livestock /poultry diseases. Assistance shall also be given towards ring vaccination to inhibit spread of disease (in cases of disease outbreaks) as well as towards payment of compensation to farmers for culling of poultry birds, elimination of infected animals, destruction of poultry feed/eggs, including operational costs.A third activity under the ASCAD component is ‘Research & Innovation, Publicity & Awareness, Training, and allied activities. While Publicity & Awareness and Training, etc. are existing activities under the extant ASCAD component, ‘Research & Innovation’ on the other hand is a newly proposed activity. Under this activity it is envisaged that funds may be released to recognized private / public Institutions, other Ministries / Departments, etc. towards collaborations in research& innovations / trainings / capacity building / crisis management mock drills, etc. Funding Pattern is 60:40 Centre: State except NE states & 3 Himalayan Region where it is 90:10 Centre: State; 100 % central assistance to UTs, for training & control of emergent exotic diseases and for conducting training /holding workshops. Grants are also provided as compensation to farmers for culling of birds, elimination of infected animals, destruction of feed/eggs including operational cost (50:50 between Centre: states).

    Peste des Petits Ruminants Eradication Program (PPR-EP), also known as sheep and goat plague, is a highly contagious animal disease affecting domestic and wild small ruminants. It is caused by a virus belonging to the genus Morbillivirus, family Paramixoviridae. Once newly introduced, the virus can infect up to 90 percent of an animal heard, and the disease kills anywhere up to 70 percent of infected animals. This component will cover entire sheep and goat population in the country under carpet vaccination against Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), for 100% effective coverage of the entire eligible small ruminant population. Funding Pattern – 100% central assistance to States/UTs.

    Establishment and Strengthening of existing Veterinary Hospitals and Dispensaries (ESVHD): In order to help states, establish new veterinary hospitals and dispensaries as well as strengthen/equip the existing ones including running mobile veterinary ambulances, the Department provides financial assistance under this component.

    Mobile Veterinary Units (MVU) To increase accessibility of veterinary services at farmer’s doorsteps, funds for Mobile Veterinary Units (MVUs) will be provided to the States/UTs under this scheme for @ 1 MVU approximately for one lakh livestock population. These MVUs will be customized fabricated vehicles for veterinary healthcare with equipment for diagnosis, treatment & minor surgery, audio visual aids and other basic requirements for treatment of animals. These MVUs will provide veterinary services at the farmers’ doorstep basis the phone calls received at the Call Centre from farmers of respective State/UT. The MVUs need to be positioned at strategic locations in order to minimize travel time and to provide service within targeted time.

    Call centers A State/UT level Call Centre would also be set up / aligned with the existing Call Centre in each State/ UT. The Call Centre would function as the pivot whilst rendering the mobile veterinary services. It should receive calls from livestock rearers / animal owners and transmit them to the Veterinary doctor at the Call Centre. The decision of directing the MVU would be on the emergent nature of the veterinary case as decided by the Veterinary doctor at the Call Centre. The Call Centre would also be responsible for monitoring the movement and use of the MVUs. The Call Centre should also confirm actual services through the UID and mobile number of the animal owner and share the data with the State concerned.

    Classical Swine Fever Control Program (CSF-CP) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of pigs. The severity of the illness varies with the strain of the virus, the age of the pig, and the immune status of the herd. Acute infections, which are caused by highly virulent isolates and have a high mortality rate in naive herds, are more likely to be diagnosed rapidly. CSF- CP will be implemented in the whole country with the target being 100% eligible pig population Funding Pattern – 100% central assistance to States/UTs.

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