ANNEX II (4)
Information / data to be furnished by the State Government officials, NGOs, Institutions and members of the public
i) Kindly attach additional sheets wherever required.
ii) Please note that the term ‘cattle’ covers the species of cow and its progeny, bullocks, and calves and does not cover buffaloes and other bovine species.
1. Does the State have any laws / regulation for protection of Cow and its progeny? If so, a copy of the legislation and rules / regulation issued thereunder may be furnished.
2. Is slaughter of Cow and its progeny banned? If so, is it Total or Partial? Please highlight the relevant provisions.
3. Are there provisions for impositions of penalties, fines and prosecution of those persons who infringe the provisions of the law? If so, give the maximum quantum of fine/penalty that can be imposed and the maximum term of imprisonment prescribed under the law.
4. Which are the implementing agencies for enforcement of the provisions of the law? Give their designations and organizational structures
5. How many acts of violation of the laws have been registered in the last 5 years. Please give year-wise break-up.
6. How many cases have resulted in imposition of fines, penalties and / or prosecution? Please give the break-up for the last five years.
7. Do you feel that the number of cases registered and / or the number of these which have reached a logical conclusion reflects the ground realities? If not, what do you estimate is the percentage of detected cases vis-a-vis the number of actual violations which may be taking place? Tick one of these :
0 –25% 25 – 50% 50-75% 75-100%
8. What according to you, are the reasons for the low rate of detection and / or finalisation of cases?
9. Do you feel that any amendments are required in the laws, procedures or guidelines are required to improve the rate of detection / conviction? If so, what are these changes?
10. What are the loop-holes, if any, in the provisions of the law and regulations, which enable people to violate the law with impunity?
11. Do you feel that the penal provisions are sufficient to act as a deterrent to would-be violators of the law? If not, what do you feel should be the quantum of penalty / fine or maximum term of imprisonment prescribed?
12. Are you aware of the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, and Rules issued thereunder, especially those relating to cruelty to cattle during transportation and slaughter?
13. Can cattle be transported or sent outside the State for any purpose? If so, please state the purpose/s.
14. What is the implementation machinery for enforcing the provisions of the Act and Rules relating to transportation etc. of cattle? Who are the agencies responsible?
15. How many cases of violation have been detected in the past 5 years? How many of these resulted in imposition of fines / penalties and/or conviction /imprisonment. Please give details.
16. Please give the district-wise figures of cattle population in the State, according to estimates/figures collected by the State Government in the format at Annex I.
17. Has there been a declining trend in the total number of cattle in the State over the last 10 years or so?
18. If so, what do you think is the most important factor contributing to this trend? Please ascribe a number to each of the suggested factors from 1 to 8, 1 signifying the most important factor and 8 the least one.
a) The number of cattle slaughtered legally has gone up over the years.
b) The number of cattle slaughtered illegally has gone up over the years.
c) The birth rate of cattle has gone down because farmers do not find it economical or possible to maintain many animals.
d) Farmers sell off surplus cattle for slaughter or for transport out of the State.
e) Farmers do not multiply their stock of cattle for the reason that they cannot maintain more animals.
f) Farmers prefer to replace cattle with buffaloes because of higher fat content of milk and also for their meat, because buffaloes can be slaughtered while cow and its progeny cannot.
g) Tractorisation has resulted in less utilisation of bullocks for animal power and therefore lesser numbers are maintained by farmers.
h) The number of cattle dying due to disease has increased.
i) The number of cattle dying due to lack of feed, fodder, health-care or due to drought conditions has increased.
j) Any other reason. (Please specify).
19. Does the State have a breeding policy for cattle? If so, please list its salient features. Attach a copy of the Policy document, if any.
20. Is the breeding policy tilted in favour of increasing the number of buffaloes in relation to that of the cattle?
21. Do you feel that farmers find it more profitable to keep buffaloes? If so, what do you think are the reasons? Is it because of the higher fat content of buffalo milk or the fact that buffaloes can be slaughtered for the meat and hides or both?
22. What are the major indigenous breeds of cattle prevalent in the State?
23. List the major features, strong points and parameters like milk yield, breed-wise.
24. Has there been a decline in the numbers of any of these breeds? Have any breeds become extinct or are nearing extinction? If so, name them, with numbers to show this finding.
25. What are the reasons for the decline, if any, in the numbers of indigenous breeds? What could be done to conserve and protect these breeds?
26. Is the State participating in the recently launched National Project of Cattle and Buffalo Breeding of the Central Government? If so, what are the projections / targets etc. envisaged? Please give details for cattle and buffalo separately.
27. Do you feel that the Project will fulfill its objectives? Have you any suggestions for improving the procedures, delivery systems and implementation of this Project.
28. Do you feel that artificial insemination is the best way of conserving or propagating indigenous breeds? What do you believe are the comparative advantages of artificial insemination over natural service or vice versa?
29. Do you believe that India should conserve its indigenous breeds (which have lower productivity but higher resistance to disease) rather than go in for massive cross-breeding with foreign strains to increase the milk-yield per animal, even though these breeds have less resistance to disease?
30. Do you feel that Integrated Livestock Projects, where farmers or farmers’ groups maintain different species of animals such as cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, poultry is a good measure for income generation, poverty alleviation in rural areas?
DRAUGHT ANIMAL POWER
31. Have there been any studies on the potential economic use of bullocks for draught animal power? If so, furnish copies. Do you feel that the full potential is being utilised?
32. How far has tractorisation affected the number of bullocks being maintained by farmers for draught animal power?
33. Do you feel that farmers generally prefer male buffaloes over bullocks for use as draught animal power? If so, what are the reasons?
34. Has there been any study to show the saving on fuel like diesel and also the beneficial effects on the environment, if tractors are replaced by bullock-drawn carts for ploughing the fields and for transport of produce and people from farms to the markets etc.? If so, furnish copies.
35. Has there been any research for developing yokes for bullock-carts so that animals do not suffer injuries on the neck and shoulders due to heavy-loads. Are there any standards regarding the loads that can be drawn by the animals? If so, what are they and how are they enforced?
FEED AND FODDER
36. What is the total land area in the State (District-wise) under cultivation of fodder crops? Please give separate figures for exclusive fodder crops and other crops whose residues are used as fodder.
37. What are the major fodder crops? What are the major crop residues used as fodder? What is the quantum of fodder produced annually in the State for the last 5 years. District –wise figures may be given for each crop or crop residue?
38. What is the area of grass-lands and community lands available for grazing of cattle?
39. What percentage of cattle are stall-fed?
40. What is the annual production of oil-cakes over the last five years? How much has been used as cattle feed?
41. What is the per-head availability of feed and fodder in different parts of the State? Is this quantity sufficient for proper nutrition and maintenance of cattle?
42. Do you feel that a sustainable level of cattle population should be maintained in view of limited land and other resources? If so, how do you feel this could be achieved? Please give your suggestions.
43. What are the laws regarding establishment of slaughter-houses and carcass-utilisation units in the State? Is there a common law or do different Municipalities and local bodies have their own regulations? Please furnish copies of the laws.
44. How many registered slaughter-houses and carcass-utilisation units are there in the State? District-wise figures may be furnished.
45. Are these units required to maintain records of the numbers of animals slaughtered. Do these records show the details regarding species, age and gender of the animals? How often are these records verified / checked? (Samples of the checked records may be furnished).
46. What is the total annual production of meat, species-wise by these slaughter houses? How many animals are slaughtered annually? Give details of species, age and gender for the last 5 years.
47. What are the checks exercised to ensure that illegal slaughter of cattle does not take place?
48. What is your estimate of the number of illegal slaughter houses in the State and the number of cattle being slaughtered therein?
49. Has any study been made with regard to estimating the number of illegal slaughter houses, their capacities and the extent to which cattle laws are being violated by them? If so, please furnish copies of these studies / reports.
50. Have you received any oral or written complaints of production and export of beef / cow meat in the guise of buffalo meat? If so, give details. Do you have reason to believe that this might be taking place, even if you have not received such complaints?
GOSHALAS AND GOSADANS
51. How many registered Goshalas, Gosadans and Pinjrapoles are there in the State? Give District-wise details along with the number of cattle maintained by them.
52. What do people normally do with cows which run dry or bullocks which are infirm or aged? How do the Goshalas collect such animals if they are left to stray by their owners? What happens to stray cattle impounded in municipal areas?
53. Have any standards / norms been fixed with regard to maintenance, feed / fodder, health care, breeding etc. of cattle in these organisations? If so, what are these norms and how is it ensured that the organisations are following them?
CATTLE PRODUCTS AND BY-PRODUCTS
54. Have there been any studies to show the benefits to human health of using milk and milk products like ghee, cheese, butter etc. from the cow as against those obtained from buffalo? If so, please furnish copies.
55. Is there any direction to the Dairy farmers and cooperatives to segregate cow-milk from buffalo-milk and to label them and market them separately? Even if there is no such direction, do you feel that awareness can be built amongst consumers regarding the beneficial effects of cow milk, which would not only encourage such segregation but would influence the farmers to produce more and more cow-milk, which would lead to an increase in the cattle wealth of the country.
56. Have any studies or research experiments been conducted regarding the huge economic benefits of utilizing cattle by-products such as cow dung for manure and fuel, cow urine for medicinal value and so on? If so, give details.
57. What do you feel are the benefits of organic farming in order of priority?
• Using cow dung as manure would result in reduction in use of fertilisers, which have very harmful effects on human health.
• Using cow urine as pesticides, in place of man-made pesticides, residues of which have very harmful effects on human health.
• Enrichment of soil, which has lost its nutrients over the years due to excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides.
• The farmer would not only be able to cut down on costs for fertilisers and pesticides, he could also sell surplus manure to others and thereby earn some additional income.
• Use of dried cow dung as a fuel or producing gobar gas would cut down on fuel costs of the farmer for cooking, lighting etc. It would also save the trees from being cut for fire-wood.
Total Number of cattle in the State (District-wise)
|Sr. No.||Name of District||1951||1961||1972||1982||1992||1997||1998||1999||2000||2001|
| 1. |