The Animal Husbandry Statistics (AHS) Division of Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) is entrusted with the generation of Animal Husbandry Statistics through the Centrally Sponsored Scheme “Livestock Census and Integrated Sample Survey”under the development programmes category with two components, (i) Livestock Census (LC)& (ii) Integrated Sample Survey (ISS).The scheme is being implemented by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying through State Animal Husbandry Departments.
- 1) Conducting quinquennial Livestock Census (LC).
- 2) Conducting annual sample survey namely Integrated Sample Survey (ISS).
- 3) Publishing All India Livestock Report consisting of livestock population of major species at National and States/UT level by use, sex and age.
- 4) Publishing Breed-wise report based on the latest Livestock Census consisting of detail breed-wise livestock population at aggregate as well as segregated level.
- 5) Publishing of annual publication title Basic Animal Husbandry Statistics to release the production estimates of four major livestock products like milk, meat, egg and wool.
(A) Livestock Census (LC):
The Livestock Census started in the country in the year 1919. So far, 20 livestock censuses have been conducted. Livestock Census is a complete count of the livestock and poultry at pre-defined reference point of time. Similar to population census, primary workers are engaged to undertake house to house enumeration and ascertain the number of livestock/poultry possessed by every household/household enterprise/non-household/non-household enterprises and institutions by age, sex, use, etc. in rural & urban areas of the country. Tablet computers were used for the first time to conduct the 20th livestock census in the country.
(B) Integrated Sample Survey (ISS):
Under this scheme, the quantum of four major livestock products (MLPs) like Milk, Egg, Meat and Wool is estimated based on the annual sample survey namely “Integrated Sample Survey” both at National and State level. This has been an essential survey to measure the contribution of livestock sector and its products in the total economy. The survey is carried out in the entire country covering 36 States/UTs both in rural and urban areas. The survey period is from March to February and the entire period of one year is divided into three seasons namely summer, rainy and winter having four months period each. This helps in bringing up progressive estimates of aggregates and also takes care of seasonality if any in the characters under study.At present, in this survey the traditional approach of using paper schedules for filling-in information at the field level is replaced by the Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) method. The data is being directly entered into the tablets by the field workers using a specialised software developed by the department called “eLISS”.