Genetic improvement in bovines is a long term activity and Government of India has initiated a major programme “National Project for Cattle and Buffalo Breeding” (NPCBB) from October 2000 over a period of ten years, in two phases each of five years, with an allocation of Rs 402 crore for Phase–I. In order to consolidate gains made during Phase-I, Phase-II has been initiated from Dec 2006 with an allocation of Rs 775.87 crore. The NPCBB envisages genetic up gradation on priority basis with a focus on development and conservation of important indigenous breeds. The project envisages 100% grant-in-aid to Implementing Agencies.
- The Objectives of the scheme is to:
- Arrange delivery of vastly improved artificial insemination service at the farmers door-step.
- Bring all breedable females among cattle and buffalo under organized breeding through artificial insemination or natural service by high quality bulls within a period of 10 years.
- Undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle and buffaloes so as to improve the genetic makeup as well as their availability.
- Streamlining storage and supply of Liquid Nitrogen by sourcing supply from industrial gas manufacturers and setting up bulk transport and storage systems for the same
- Introduction of quality bulls with high genetic merit.
- Promotion of private mobile A.I. service for door-step delivery of A.I.
- Conversion of existing stationery government centres into mobiles centres.
- Quality control and certification of bulls and services at sperm stations, semen banks and training institutions.
- Study of breeding systems in areas out of reach of A.I. and
- Institutional restructuring by way of entrusting the job of managing production and supply of genetic inputs as well as Liquid Nitrogen to a specialized autonomous and professional State Implementing Agency.
- Progress of the Scheme:
At present 28 States and one UT are participating under the project. Financial assistance to the tune of Rs 398.36 crore has been released to these States upto 2007-08. During current financial year RE of Rs 89.70 crore has been made available under the scheme and so far an expenditure of Rs 86.72 crore has been made.
- Constitution of State Implementing Agencies (SIAs):
Since inception of the project in October, 2000, 26 SIAs have been constituted under the project. These implementing agencies are implementing the project with professional approach. In case of small States who are unable to constitute viable SIAs, funds have been released to the State Governments for implementation of the project.
- Increase in coverage of breedable animals:
Semen production in the country has increased from 22 million straws (1999-2000) to 44 million straws (2007-2008) and the number of inseminations has increased from 20 million to 41 million. As per the impact analysis report submitted by NABARD, overall conception rate has increased from 20% to 35%.
|Agency||No. of AIC||AI in Million||No. of AI per centre/year|