Fishery Survey Of India (FSI)

i. Introduction

The FSI was established in the year 1946 under the name Deep-sea Fishing Station (DSFS) at Bombay (now Mumbai) as a post-war development pilot scheme by the Government of India, with the objective of augmenting food supply through development of deep-sea fishing. Subsequently the objectives of exploratory survey, training of personnel and testing commercial possibilities of deep-sea fishing were assigned to the organization. It achieved the status of a national fishery survey institute, with bases in all maritime States in 1974 under the name Exploratory Fisheries Project. With the adoption of the 200 nautical miles legal regime on the sea around the country under Maritime zones of India Act, passed by the Parliament in the year 1976, India acquired sovereign rights with responsibility to explore, utilize and manage the marine living resources in the 2.02 million sq. km EEZ. In order to meet the changing needs of the marine fisheries sector the Fishery Survey of India was re-oriented and upgraded in the year 1983. The mandate of the institute was suitably modified in the year 1998 with the primary responsibilities of survey and assessment of fisheries resources in the Indian EEZ and adjoining sea for optimum utilization and sustainable development. FSI has seven operational bases at Porbandar, Mumbai, Mormugao and Kochi along the West Coast, Chennai and Vishakhapatnam along the east coast and Port Blair in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

ii. Functions
The Fishery Survey of India (FSI) is responsible for survey and assessment of marine fishery resources of the Indian EEZ with its headquarters at Mumbai. A total of 13 ocean-going survey vessels are deployed for fisheries resources survey and monitoring. Besides resources surveys, the FSI’s work includes monitoring of fishery resources for the purpose of regulation and management, assessment of suitability of different types of craft and gear for deep-sea and oceanic fishing, providing in-vessel training to CIFNET/Polytechnic trainees, dissemination of information on fishery resources through various media to the fishing community, industry, other end users, etc. The survey fleet of the institute undertakes bottom trawl survey, Midwater/ columnar resources survey and long line survey for demersal, columnar and oceanic tunas and allied resources and also for oceanic sharks. 

iii. Fishery Survey Vessels

FSI is provided with following 13 survey vessels operated from seven operational Bases all along the Indian coast and A&N Islands:

S.N Name of the Vessel Type Year of Built
1. Matasya Jeevan Stem Trawler (Goa) 1982
2. Matasya Mohini Stem Trawler (Taiwan) 1981
3. Matasya Vishwa Stem Trawler (Goa) 1981
4. Matasya Sugundhi Longliner - cum Squid jigger (Japan) 1980
5. Matasya Darshini Purse seiner - cum trawler (Denmark) 1979
6. Matasya Varshini Purse seiner - cum trawler (Denmark) 1979
7. Matasya Shikari Midwater and Demersal trawler (Holland) 1978
8. Matasya Lavanika Stem Trawler (Ratnigiri) 1995
9. Matasya Nireekshani Stem Trawler (Holland) 1978
10. MFV Yellow Fin Longliner (Japan) 1989
11. MFV Blue Marlin Longliner (Japan) 1989
12. MFV Sagarika (Japan) 1994
13. MFV Samudrika (Japan) 1993
14. Matasya Drishti Tuna Longliner 2005
15. Matsya Srishti Tuna Longliner 2005

Two of the older vessels namely Matasya Jeevan and Matsya Mohini are being decommissioned. A provision was made in 9th Plan for acquisition of 6 survey vessels but the approval of EFC was obtained for two vessels. The two vessels constructed by M/s FSIGC, China have been delivered on 21st February, 2005. Two existing vessels Matsya Mohini and Matsya Jeevan are proposed to be decommissioned, as they are more than 20 years old.