CONTENTS

17TH LIVESTOCK CENSUS ALL INDIA

BREEDWISE REPORT

Sr. No.

Item

Page

       Breed Photographs

a-i

      Table-I Breeds in States/ Union Territories

 

1.

  Bihar

1

2.

  Chhattisgarh

2

3.

  Goa

3

4.

  Haryana

4-5

5.

  Jharkhand

6

6.

  Karnataka

7-12

7.

  Manipur

13

8.

  Meghalaya

14

9.

  Mizoram

15

10.

  Orissa

16-17

11.

  Punjab

18

12.

  Tamilnadu

19-20

13.

  Uttaranchal

21-22

14.

  Uttar Pradesh

23-27

15.

  West Bengal

28

16.

  Chandigarh

29

17.

   Daman & Diu

30-31

      Table-II District wise Breed Details

 

18.

  Bihar

1- 63

19.

  Chhattisgarh

64-105

20.

  Goa

106–123

21.

  Haryana

124–177

22.

  Jharkhand

178 –219

23.

  Karnataka

220-447

24.

  Manipur

448-459

25.

  Meghalaya

460-474

26.

  Mizoram

475-486

27.

  Orissa

487-567

28.

  Punjab

568-609

29.

  Tamilnadu

610-726

30.

  Uttaranchal

727-786

31.

  Uttar Pradesh

787-1080

32.

  West Bengal

1081-1110

33.

  Chandigarh

1111-1131

34.

  Daman & Diu

1132-1167

 

 

 

FOREWORD

Livestock rearing is one of the most important economic activities in the rural areas of the country providing supplementary income for most of the families dependent on agriculture and contributing significantly to the national economy. It has been found that the livestock sector is more stable and has vast potential of employment generation with lesser investment as compared to the agriculture sector. Realizing the growth potential of Livestock sector, greater attention is being paid to bring further improvements in this sector.

Various schemes aimed at increasing the availability of genetically improved quality of livestock and poultry, control of diseases, assisting and encouraging of farmers to go for genetically upgraded animals and assured protection against loss of such animals through an established mechanism etc. have been initiated.

For proper planning, formulation and effective execution of any scheme aimed at bringing further improvement in Livestock sector, reliable data on various species of livestock and their breeds, availability of infrastructure like veterinary health services, marketing facilities etc. at every possible administrative and geographic levels are the pre-requisite. The Livestock census being conducted since 1919-20 is the mains source of such data in the country. In the 17th Livestock Census conducted in 2003, efforts were made for the first time to collect the detailed information on breeds of cattle and buffaloes along with other relevant information. It is heartening that 17 states/union territories made successful attempts in collecting and compiling this valuable data. Some of them even collected the breed wise data for other species of livestock also. The present report contains the information available from these states. The other states/ union territories could not collect these data due to some administrative and/or technical problems. I hope these problems will be taken care of in the forthcoming Livestock Census and these data with more refinement will be collected by all states/union territories.

I am happy to note that there has been a very significant improvement in all aspects of census work, viz. data collection, its processing and tabulation. Two reports; first providing provisional totals of livestock numbers and the second providing detailed data of the Seventeenth Livestock census have already been released. The present report “ The Breed wise Data” is the third in the series and I hope that it will prove to be very useful t o the planners, administrators and researchers alike having interest in Livestock Sector.

I must thank and also congratulate the Director, Department of Animal; Husbandry of various states/union territories, their officers and staff for their untiring efforts in collecting and compiling such valuable data. This book has been compiled by the animal husbandry statistics Division of this Department. I thank Shri Arun Saxena, Adviser (Statistics), Shri Nand Lal, Director and Mrs. Arundhati Singh, Deputy Director and their team for bringing out such a useful publication.

 

 

P.M.A.Hakeem

New Delhi                                                                          Secretary to the Government of India July 2006                                                                                 

 


PREFACE

 

Livestock Sector has been playing an important role in Indian economy, particularly in rural economy, despite recent diversifications. The importance of this sector in India with distinct features of having very large number of livestock (485 million) is ever-increasing in terms of productivity, employment generation and contribution to the economy. Besides number, India with its uniquely diversified geographic and climatic features has vast number of breeds of different species having adapted themselves in the climatic conditions. These breeds have been contributing significantly to the economy of their inhabited region. In the changed economic scenario due to industrialization and advent of genetically improved quality of livestock having higher productivity, many of these indigenous breeds have lost their apparent commercial importance and are on the verge of extinction. The Government has the policy of improving the livestock sector by genetical upgradation of various species along with conservation of the indigenous breeds. For formulation of proper policy aimed at improving the livestock sector and its effective implementation, accurate and timely availability of detailed data at micro level is a must.

The Livestock Census being conducted since 19191-20 in India have been the main source of data for livestock sector. Through periodical Census, various types of information pertaining to livestock inclusive of poultry, fisheries and agricultural implements are being collected. There has been significant improvement since then in all aspects of census work, viz. content and coverage, quality of data collection, its processing and tabulation and above all accuracy. It is heartening to note that efforts were made during 17th Census for the first time in the history of Indian Livestock Census to collect much wanted data on breeds of some species of livestock and 17 states/union territories successfully collected and compiled such data. Some of the states could not collect these data due to lack of experience or administrative and other related problems. I hope that in the next census, these states will also come forward and the information will be collected by all states/union territories. The experience of the 17th Census may also be helpful in improving the quality of the breed data.

The present report “The Breed wise Data” is the third in the series of reports brought out from the 17th Census data. Some of the indigenous breeds included by some states may not be scientifically recognized as such; however, with their local names they had been very popular in their inhabited areas. The information on various breeds as given by the states/union territories has been presented in this report highlighting the availability of such breeds without going in to the nicety of their recognition. I hope that like previous two reports brought out from the 17th Census; this report will also prove to be very useful to the planners, administrators, researchers and various other organizations having interest in livestock sector particularly in different breeds available in India.

I sincerely thank and congratulate the Directors, Department of Animal Husbandry of various States/ Union Territories, their officers and staff of these states for their efforts in giving such valuable data. I also thank Shri Arun Saxena, Advisor (Statistics), Shri Nand Lal, Director and Smt. Arundhati Singh, Deputy Director and their team who have been pioneer in compilation and preparation in this book. Any suggestion for further improvement in the report is welcomed.

 

New Delhi                                                                                              Dr. S.K. Bandyapadhyay

July 2006                                                                                Animal Husbandry Commissioner

 


Seventeenth Livestock Census –An Experience

 

 

Seventeenth Livestock Census was conducted during October 2003 with reference date as 15th October. This census had many unique features and the present report is also one of the unique features. The census was conducted under the guidance and supervision of Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying. It was for the first time that all the states/UTs participated in the census. The census was conducted by all the states/UTs simultaneously, except for some very minor variation due to some climatic and also some administrative problems. It was for the first time that main report providing livestock numbers by district/ sex/age etc. was brought out within fifteen months of completion of fieldwork. It was for the first time that attempt was made to collect data on breeds of animal. The present report indicates data on breed could be successfully collected by seventeen states/UTs.

            The report may not be sufficient in itself, since there are many gray areas, which needs to be taken care in the future censuses. The updated and reliable data only can be of use for proper planning. The availability of data after long gap is of only historical importance.  The timeliness in release of data is very important. The release of reports based on 17th census has demonstrated that there is huge scope for reduction in time for data release. With the provision of latest technique and support in computer technology to states/UTs, there can be great reduction in time. The time required in data transfer to processing centre can be almost zero comparable to time taken at present.

            . The reliability of data is the most important task of all census and surveys. Livestock census is of highly technical nature and entirely different than other censuses. It requires very judicious workload on enumerator and strict supervision of at least two-tier level. Since we require veterinary qualified staff for data collection/ supervision, attempts could be made to involve retired officers/ staff.  

            The breed wise livestock number is most important for micro/macro level planning for improving the quality of livestock and making them compatible with those of other countries. All India picture about breed composition and also changes in breed composition can be obtained, only on the availability of accurate and complete data from all the states/UTs. The true identification of breeds is highly expertise task and cannot be properly completed by a statistician or ordinary enumerators alone. There has to be concerted effort in this direction. Besides detailed classroom training, colour photographs with their characteristic should be made available to all the persons including enumerators/ supervisors. Since only few breeds of specific species are available in different states and there are hundreds of breeds, at all India level, it is essential that training should be planned accordingly for easy grasp and their application in identifying breed. 

            Processing of data is another important feature for improvement. In 17th census also there was sufficient changes and many of the states supplied their data in desired format and in soft copy also. However with the use of common software at different processing centers, the processing could be greatly improved and made uniform. This decentralized processing will drastically reduce the time lag. The All India results will be much easy to compile on the availability of uniform state wise data.

            Tabulation plan needs to be prepared according to actual requirement and with the scope of comparability over time periods or other factors. The tables should be mostly two way or three way. This may sometimes increase the tabulation plan but it will be user friendly. The plan should take care the needs of users at different levels at centre/states. Village profile should be invariably prepared, which has not been done so far, including in 17th census.

            Time planning: Census is a stupendous task and requires sufficient planning and financial and physical resources. It should be insured that financial assistance to implementing agencies is made available well in time for their uses. There were some problems in 17th census and that had affected and delayed the work at many stages.

            Livestock is fast growing field and is of special significance to landless and poor farmers and also improving the national economy. It is hoped that experience of 17th census will be of great use and help in improving the performance of other censuses. These censuses will provide detailed and meaningful reliable data within very short span of completion of census work.

            I hope that this report will mark a beginning of best and biggest data bank in the livestock sector. I am thankful to our Secretary Shri P M A Hakeem, Secretary (DADF) who has been a constant source of inspiration, guidance and support for bringing out this publication and also for Statistics Division in the Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying and Fisheries. I am also to thank to Dr. S.K. Bandyopadhyay, Animal Husbandry Commissioner for providing all technical guidance and support for bringing out this publication and also in other matters for improving the statistical system. I would also like to thank Shri Nand Lal, Director, Smt. Arundhati Singh, Deputy Director and other officers and staff who have worked very hard to compile this report.

 

Arun Saxena

Advisor (Statistics)

Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying

& Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture

New Delhi

July 2006

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTE

 

The Indian Livestock census, conducted every fifth year in the entire country, was started in British India in 1919-20. The first census was restricted to information on livestock from limited zones. The second livestock census was conducted in 1924-25 on more or less same lines. Thereafter, the scope and coverage was expanded in each census with refinement in concepts and definitions.

           

            After Independence, the first livestock census was done in 1951 and subsequently it was carried out in every fifth year. In 1982, for the first time, data on crossbred and indigenous cattle, sheep and pigs were collected separately. The data on dogs were also introduced in 1982. During the 17th Livestock census conducted in 2003, a new dimension was added to collect data on breeds of cattle and buffaloes. The crossbred cattle were classified into three categories: Jersey crossbred, Holstein Friesian crossbred and other crossbred. Among the indigenous breeds of cattle and buffaloes, all recognized important breeds found in the States were to be covered. Since the effort towards collecting breed wise data was tried for the first time in the history of Livestock census, some of the states/union territories were unable to collect the information on this aspect. 17 states/union territories collected the information on breeds.

 

The present provisional report deals with the district wise detailed breed data for cattle and buffaloes collected by the 17 states/ union territories. Some of these states have also collected breed data for sheep, goats, horses and ponies, donkeys and pigs towards this endeavour. All these information have been summarized in this report along with the rural and urban break up. The report has been divided in two major Tables. Table-I depicts distribution of the population of each breed with male and female breakup in the different states. Table –II presents the district wise rural urban breakup of the different breeds in each of the state/union territory.

Some of the photographs of the breeds made available by the states have also been given in this report.  The various breeds compiled by the states/ union territories include:

 

Cross bred cattle

Exotic Cattle

Indigenous Cattle

·        Jersey

·        Jersey

·        Tharparkar

·        Hallikar

·        Holstein Friesian

·        Holstein Friesian

·        Haryana

·        Amruthamahal

·        Other cross bred cattle

·        Other exotic cattle

·        Sahiwal

·        Khillar

 

 

·        Gangatiri

·        Deoni

 

 

·        Ongole

·        Malanadu Gidda

 

 

·        Ghumsari

·        Krishna Vally

 

 

·        Binjharpuri

·        Mottu

 

 

·        Gir

·        Red Sindhi

 

 

·        Dangi

·        Native Pure Umbalachery

 

 

·        Kankrej

·        Native Pure Kangeyam

 


 

Buffalo

Sheep

·        Murrah

·        Sambhalpuri

Exotic

Indigenous

·        Bhadawari

·        Parlakhemundi

·        Merino

·        Muzaffarnagari

·        Surthi

·        Chillika

·        Rambullet

·        Nali

·        Pandaraapuri

·        Jaffrabadi

·        Carridale

·        Jalauni

·        Mehasaani

·        Swamp Buffaloes

 

·        Bandur

·        Nili Ravi

·        Other Graded

 

·        Deccani

 

 

 

·        Bellary

 

 

 

·        Hassan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat

Pig

·        Jamunapari

Cross bred :-

Exotic :-

·        Jaunpuri

·        Middlewhite Yorkshire

·        Landrays

·        Barbari

·        Largewhite Yorkshire

·        Yorkshire     

·        Local/Indigenous

·        Landrays

Indigenous

 

·        Yorkshire

·        Amkamaali                  

 

·        Others

·        Others

 

Horses & Ponies

Donkey

·        Kathiawari

·        Italian

·        Desi

·        Desi

 

On analyzing the data from the 17 various states/union territories, it is observed that in Bihar, Kishanganj has the least number of crossbred cattle population while Begusarai has the largest number of Jersey and Holstein Friesian cross bred population. Purnia with a population of 55677 Murrah buffaloes ranks first in Murrah population in Bihar. The indigenous cattle and buffalo population is lowest in the district of Sheohar. The crossbred cattle population in the state is about 11% of the total cattle population.

The state of Chhattisgarh has a total crossbred cattle population of 133765, mainly comprising of Jersey and Holstein Friesian breeds. Raigarh has the highest number of jersey population with total number 14646.  The Sahiwal breed is extensively found in the districts of Raipur, Dhamtari, Durg, Rajnandgaon, Bilaspur and Raigarh. Large number of Murrah breed of buffalo is found in the districts of Durg, Raipur, Bilaspur, Ambikapur, Raigarh, Dhamtari, Rajnandgaon and Jagdalpur.

Goa has collected data on the recognized breeds of indigenous cattle viz. Gir and Red Sindhi, which are about 528 in numbers in the state. The desi cattle and buffaloes contribute nearly 86% of the total cattle and buffaloes of the state.

In Haryana, the crossbred cattle population forms nearly 37% of the total cattle population of the state. Yamunanagar and Karnal top in Jersey and Holstein Friesian population among the districts. Sirsa contributes nearly 30% of the Sahiwal population of the state. Murrah buffaloes are one of the breeds of buffalo extensively found in almost all the districts in the state.

Jharkhand has a population of 1.31 lakh crossbred cattle, out of which around 77 thousand are of Jersey crossbred. The state has a population of Murrah buffaloes of about 31 thousand, out of which nearly 65% of the population are found in the districts of Ranchi, Dhanbad, Jamshedpur, Hazaribag and Giridih.

Karnataka is one of the few states, which has collected information on breeds of sheep, goat and pigs, besides cattle and buffaloes. The state has a crossbred cattle population of 16 lakhs along with a population of two thousand exotic cattle. This comes to about 17% of the total cattle population of the state. The state has reported information on the different breeds of indigenous cattle viz. Hallikar, Amruthamahal, Khilaar, Deoni, Malanadu Gidda and Krishna Vally. The concentration of Hallikar breed is in the districts of Mysore, Hassan, Tumkur, Bangalore rural, Mandya, Chamrajanagar, Davanagare and Haveri. Chikmagalur has the highest number of Amruthamahal cattle in the state. About 80% of the population of Malanadu Gidda breed of cattle is found in the districts of Shiomaga, Uttar Kannada, Udipi, Dakshina Kannada and Chikmagalore. The Krishna Vally breed is found in only 12 districts in the state and Raichur has the maximum number of this breed. The prevalence of Buffalo breeds viz. Murrah, Surthi, Pandaraapuri, Mehasaani has been reported in Karnataka. Merino, Rambullet and Carridale are some of the exotic breeds of sheep found in the state. The different indigenous breeds of sheep viz. Bandur, Deccani, Bellary and Hassan are found in the state. The population of around 20 thousand crossbred pigs in the state is of mainly Landrays and Yorkshire breed.

In the state of Manipur, Jersey forms about 80% of the cross bred cattle population of the state with majority of the population found in the districts of Thoubal, Bishnupur and Senapati, whereas in the case of Meghalaya, both Jersey and Holstein Friesian cross bred cattle are equally distributed in the state. Mizoram has collected information on the swamp buffalo population, which forms the major chunk of the buffalo population of the state.

The breeds of indigenous cattle reported in the state of Orissa are Ghumsari, Binjharpuri and Mottu with Ghumsari breed contributing about 40% of the state’s indigenous cattle population. The crossbred and exotic cattle population constitutes about 8% of the total cattle population of the state. Sambhalpuri, Parlakhemundi and Chillika are the buffalo breeds found in the state.

Punjab has a crossbred cattle population of 15 lakh (about 75% of the total cattle in the state), out of which 4.5 lakh are of Holstein Friesian breed. Murrah buffalo population is highest in Sangrur and Amritsar has the least Murrah population in the state. Nearly half of the Nili Ravi buffalo breed population of the state is found in the districts of Jalandhar, Firozpur, Sangrur, Mansa and Gurdaspur.

Tamil Nadu has the highest number of crossbred cattle population in the country, constituting about 21% of the crossbred cattle of the country. The state has collected information on breeds of both exotic and crossbred cattle. Around 40,000 exotic cattle are present in the state, amongst which nearly 23000 are of the Jersey breed. The Native Pure Kangeyam and Umbalachery are the recognized breeds of indigenous cattle found in the state.

Uttaranchal has reported various breeds of crossbred cattle viz. Jersey, Holstein Friesian and others out of which jersey breed is the most prevalent in the state. Udhamsinghnagar has the largest number of crossbred cattle population in the state. The maximum number of Haryana and Sahiwal cattle in the state is found in the district of Haridwar. Out of 4152 Red Sindhi cattle in the state, 1842 is present in the Tehri district. The buffalo breeds in the state include Murrah and Bhadawari. The populations of these are maximum in the districts of Haridwar, Udhamsinghnagar and Dehradun.

Uttar Pradesh has a total of around 16 lakh cross-bred cattle population, out of which Jersey cross bred population is around 12 lakh. Muzzaffarnagar has the highest Jersey population, whereas Mahoba has the least population of 244. The recognized indigenous breeds in the state include Haryana, Sahiwal, Tharparkar, Gangatiri besides the desi cattle. The districts of Azamgarh, Allahabad and Budaon lead in the population of Haryana breed of cattle in the state. The major number of Sahiwal is found in the districts of Muzzaffarnagar, Budaon and Faizabad. In contrast, Jhansi, Hamirpur and Banda have negligible population of Sahiwal breed. Bijnor, Muzzaffarnagar, Mathura and Jaunpur are the four leading districts in the Tharparkar population, whereas this breed is not found in Fatehpur, Mahoba, Sonbhadra and Chitrakutdham. About 35% of Gangatiri population of the state is concentrated in the districts of Kanpur Nagar, Allahabad, Sitapur and Etah. Bulandshahar and Agra are the districts recording highest number of Murrah and Bhadawari buffaloes respectively in the state. Muzzaffarnagari, Nali and Jalauni are the sheep breeds available in the state. About half of the population of Muzzaffarnagari sheep is found in the districts of Fatehpur and Muzzaffarnagar. The concentration of Nali and Jalauni sheep breeds are maximum in the districts of Saharanpur and Jalaun respectively. Jamunapari, Jaunpuri and Barbari are some of the breeds of goat reported by the state. Uttar Pradesh is the only state, which has collected information on breeds of horses and ponies and donkeys.

West Bengal has the second highest indigenous cattle population in the country after Madhya Pradesh. The state has 15 lakh Jersey crossbred population as compared to 1.74 lakh Holstein Friesian cross-bred cattle population.

More than 80% of the cattle population in Chandigarh is crossbred cattle, out of which around 55% is of Jersey type. The indigenous cattle in the union territory is of non-descript type. Murrah and Nili Ravi are two recognized breeds of buffalo found in Chandigarh.

Daman & Diu has some population of the recognized indigenous cattle breeds viz. Gir, Kankrej and Dangi.  A few numbers of Murrah, Surthi, Mehasaani, Jaffrabadi type of Buffaloes are found in Daman & Diu.

 The details of the above data have been given in the Tables I and II. A summary table has been prepared for each state in respect of each breed on the basis of total male and female of each breed along with the total breed population to given an overview of the sex distribution of each breed in every district of the state.

I acknowledge my sincerest thanks to Shri P M A Hakeem, Secretary, DAHDF, Shri Arun Saxena, Advisor (Stat.), DAHDF and Shri Nand Lal, Director who have guided and given very useful suggestions in compiling and presenting this report.

I am grateful to my colleagues and staff of Animal Husbandry Statistics Division of the Department who have relentlessly put their efforts in bringing out this report.

 While compiling this report, due care has been taken to present the correct data as furnished by the State Animal Husbandry Departments. However, in case of any error in the publication, the same may be informed to us for further improvement. Any suggestions/comments in this regard is highly appreciated.

 

Arundhati Singh

Deputy Director

Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying

& Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture

New Delhi

July 2006